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SCHOOLS OF CRIMINOLOGY

NEOCLASSICAL SCHOOL

The neo classical school has the same foundations of the classical school – the principle of free will and utilitarianism, and continued the traditions within the frame work of Right Realism also known as Neo Positivism, which monitors the phenomenon of crime from the perspective of political Conservatism and asserts a more realistic view on the causes of crime and violations.

Neoclassical criminologists argued for the individualized treatments when it comes to certain crimes. According to the neoclassical criminologists equal justice under the law can not only be harsh but unjust as well. Vold* noted that during the classical period, “…first offenders were treated as repeat offenders, minors were treated the same as adults, insane the same as sane, and so on.”
Neoclassical criminologists separated children from the adult criminals. During the classical period there were no provisions for separate treatment of children who committed crimes.

Neoclassical school stressed the principle of just deserts, which emphasized the proportionality between crime and punishment, shifting the perspective from the criminal to the crime. Just deserts imply that punishment justly reflects the pain caused and thus earned by the criminal. Literally desert means "that one deserves," in other words, a punishment or reward that is considered to be what the one deserved. Gabriel Tarde and Raymond Saleilles are some of the noted neoclassical criminologists.
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George B. Vold in his book Theoretical Criminology
 

» Classical School                                                                                          » Scientific  School

 

lux et veritas

Fiat justitia ruat caelum

Injuria non excusat injuriam

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